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1.jpgMammoplasty is a plastic surgery aimed at changing the shape and size of the mammary glands. There are several types of this procedure: reduce - reduction mammoplasty, mammoplasty karegeya without implants to fill defects in the breast with a redistribution of soft tissue, a mastopexy or breast lift and the most popular is augmentation, or increase, breast implants.
Indications for mammoplasty
Dissatisfaction with breast shape or size
breast shape Change due to weight loss
changing the shape of the breast after breast-feeding
Micromastia, breast underdevelopment
medical Surgical breast amputation
Asymmetric breast development
Gigantomastia — abnormally large Breasts
Contraindications to mammoplasty
there are certain contraindications To this procedure. Mammoplasty is prohibited:
For cancer
breast Fibroadenoma
Severe mastopathy
Diabetes, especially decompensated, as well as other diseases associated with metabolic disorders and prevent rapid healing of wounds: obesity, anemia, osteoporosis
For cardiovascular diseases and serious diseases of internal organs
During pregnancy, the breastfeeding period and for years after. (Surgery is possible before pregnancy, but after lactation may require correction or re-mammoplasty)
Not fully formed Breasts, that is, under the age of 18
Severe stage of diseases such as HIV, AIDS, syphilis, hepatitis B and C
Preparing for breast augmentation surgery
Before mammoplasty, the patient should take a blood test for HIV, AIDS, syphilis, hepatitis B and C, determine the blood group and RH factor, make a General urine test, coagulogram, breast ultrasound, ECG, fluorography, and consult with a therapist, surgeon and gynecologist. A few days before the procedure, you should refuse to take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and do not take vitamin E — they worsen blood clotting. A week before the operation it is forbidden to drink alcohol, and Smoking is better to give up altogether. If you do not quit Smoking at least for the rehabilitation period, that is, about six months, the seams will heal much longer. 

Plane of implant insertion
Results mammoplasty and the duration of the rehabilitation period depends on where the implants were installed. The most atraumatic method is subglandular, involving the placement of prostheses between the mammary gland and the large pectoral muscle. 
Submuscular technique involves the introduction of the implant under the muscle and is considered to be the most traumatic. After such a serious operation, the recovery process takes much longer and more painful than with the subglandular technique. 
Rehabilitation period after mammoplasty
After the operation, the patient, depending on his condition, spends one or two nights in the hospital, and then goes home, where there is not less than one, and more often — two weeks. It is forbidden to raise your hands above the level of the chest, in the first two weeks — to have sex and drink alcohol, for a month and a half-two months you can not play sports, wear weights, go to the pool and sunbathe. To sleep the first time will have on the back, fourteen days allowed to roll over on its side and on your stomach — only in 2-4 months. Within 2 - 4 months after mammoplasty are required to wear compression garment to reduce postoperative swelling, pain and prevent the joints opening and displacement of the implants. If the recovery period passes, the seams after mammoplasty removed 10-14 days. The doctor necessarily observes the patient after surgery. 
In General, rehabilitation after mammoplasty takes place under the cover of medicines and lasts for a long time — from several months to a year, depending on the complexity of the procedure and the regenerative ability of the body. After this rather long period, the scars are completely scarred, and you can fully assess the result of the work done.
Complications after mammoplasty
Mammoplasty is considered to be a rather complicated procedure, after which complications often occur. After the operation for a month and a half, the sensitivity of the breast disappears, pain, small bruises, weakness and even temperature appear. Swelling after mammoplasty finally subsides only after 2 - 4 months, and before that time the breast seems excessively large and firm. In case of any deviations from the norm, you should immediately contact a specialist. 

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